Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth
"Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth" (Male)
Bradypus variegatus
Photo © Michael & Patricia Fogden/CORBIS, courtesy
Ron Kalasinskas

Sloth
"Two-toed Sloth"
Choloepus hoffmanni

Weekly bathroom break. Is that green algae growing on sloth?
Photo courtesy/copyright Dr. Hays Cummins

Sloth

"Three-toed sloth"
Bradypus variegatus
Photo courtesy/copyright
Michael L. Smith


Two-toed Sloths

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata (Vertebrata)

Class

Mammalia

Order

Xenarthra

Family

Megalonychidae/Choloepidae


Three-toed Sloths

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata (Vertebrata)

Class

Mammalia

Order

Xenarthra

Family

Bradypodidae



Name/Status
Source

Maned Sloth - Endangered

2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™

Linne's Two-Toed Sloth - Data Deficient

2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™

Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth - Data Deficient

2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™

Other Species Of Sloth - Not On IUCN Red List

Check 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ for updates



Sloth

Habitat:

Canopy layer of Amazon Rainforest. Central America, Honduras, Argentina, Paraguay, and Brazil.

Diet:

Fruits, leaves, buds. The three-toed sloth loves the leaves of the Cecropia tree.

Enemies:

Cats (jaguar,ocelot), snakes (anaconda), and Harpy Eagles.

Facts:

There are five species of sloths. Hoffman's two-toed sloth, Linne's two-toed sloth, Brown-throated three-toed sloth, Pale-throated three-toed sloth, and the Maned Sloth (three-toed).

The Maned sloth is an endangered species. All sloths face the threat of loss of habit.

All sloths have three toes. One genus of sloths has three fingers and the other genus has two fingers. The ones with three fingers are called three-toed sloths and the ones with two fingers are called two-toed sloths (that's just the way it is).

Sloths have an image of laziness and inactivity.

They can fall asleep upside down.

The sloth goes to the bathroom about once a week and he climbs to the ground to do so. It takes them about an hour to get to the ground.

They can live about 12 years in the wild, and much longer in captivity.

It's hard for the sloth to walk on the ground because of the shape of their toes and fingers.

The sloth is one of the slowest animals. It travels about 13 feet in one hour.

They have moths and nettles in their coat. Blue and green algae also grow on its coat. The algae helps camouflage the sloth in the trees.

Sloths have one young. Their babies are the size of a thumb and weigh 10-14 ounces. The mother alone brings up the baby.

A sloths tail is only 1-3 inches in length.

Their main form of protection is camouflage.

The sloth always fights its predators.

They are pretty good swimmers.

We have found sloth fossils dating back to the Pleistocene era.

Sometimes after they die, they still are found hanging in a tree or clinging to a tree branch.

They are mostly nocturnal and solitary.



Additional Information
The Sloth Web Site
Brown Throated Three-Toed Sloth


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Animals Of The Rainforest/Ron Kalasinskas, All rights reserved.
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